Sydney is the most populous city in Australia and is the state capital of New South Wales. It is located on Australia’s south-east coast of the Tasman Sea. As of June 2014, the greater metropolitan area had an approximate population of 4.61 million people. Inhabitants of Sydney are called Sydneysiders, comprising a cosmopolitan and students, visitors and immigrants from across the world.
The site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip, commodore of the First Fleet as a penal colony. The city is built on hills surrounding Port Jackson which is commonly known as Sydney Harbour, where the iconic Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge feature prominently. The hinterland of the metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks, and the coastal regions feature many bays, rivers, inlets and beaches including the famous Bondi Beach and Manly Beach. Within the city are many notable parks, including Hyde Park and the Royal Botanic Gardens.
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